Subhas Chandra Bose
Profession: Politician, Military Leader, Civil Service officer & Freedom Fighter
Brother of Subhas Chandra Bose
Sharat Chandra Bose and 6 more
Father of Subhas Chandra Bose
Mother of Subhas Chandra Bose
Wife/Spouse of Subhas Chandra Bose
Controversies of Subhas Chandra Bose
Subhas Chandra Bose always stood up for Self-Governance (Swaraj). The ideology of Netaji to use force against Britishers was not much praised by Mahatma Gandhi, as he was a firm believer in Non-Violence & Satyagraha. Hence, it resulted in splitting up of Indian National Congress (INC) in the year 1939. On 22 June 1939, Subhas Chandra Bose formed 'Forward bloc', which was a faction of the Indian National Congress.
Netaji also established his own bank named 'Azad Hind Bank', which has its own denomination of 1, 10, 100, 1000 & 1 lakh. It was established to utilize the bank's services for the operations of the Azad Hind Fauj and total donation made was approximately 63.7 kgs of gold. The money got collected remains a mystery for a long time but later it was revealed that amount was transferred to Reserve Bank Of India, Kolkata.
Information about Subhas Chandra Bose
Major General G.D. Bakshi in his book- 'Bose: The Indian Samurai – Netaji and the INA Military Assessment,' said that Bose had not died in a plane crash during his escape from Japan to the Soviet Union. Bose had made three radio broadcasts from Siberia, because of these broadcasts, Britishers came to know that Bose had escaped to the Soviet Union. The Britishers then approached the Soviet authorities and demanded that they must be allowed to interrogate Bose, to this, Soviet authorities accepted their demand and handed over Bose to them. During the interrogation, Bose was tortured to death.
He started the newspaper called 'Swaraj' and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. He was also the CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation and editor of the newspaper named 'Forward.'
The mystery of the death of Netaji is yet to be resolved, while some sources say he has died in a plane crash in Taipei on 18 August 1945, the other sources say he was killed by the Britishers. Debates about the status of his death has been a hot potato in the media worldwide.
Subhas Chandra Bose took help of the Nazi (Germany) and Imperial Japan, seeking an alliance with each of them to attack the British government in India. With Imperial Japanese assistance, he re-organised and later led the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA), formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against the British forces.
On 23 August 1945, the Japanese news agency- Do Trzei, announced the death of Bose and Shidea (one of his Japanese volunteers). On 7 September 1945, a Japanese officer, Lieutenant Tatsuo Hayashida, carried Bose's ashes to Tokyo, and the following morning, they were handed to the President of the Tokyo Indian Independence League, Rama Murti.
Netaji's daughter, Anita Bose Pfaff, was only four months old when Bose left her with his mother and moved to South-East Asia. Since then, her mother was the only bread-winner in the family. Pfaff was not given her father's last name on her birth and grew up with the name Anita Schenkl.
Did Subhas Chandra Bose Smoke?: Yes
Subhas Chandra Bose went to England for further studies and appeared in Indian Civil Services Examination (ICS), where he stood up 4th among six successful candidates. Later in 1921, he resigned from the position, as he did not want to work with British Government.
On 14 September, a memorial service was held for Bose in Tokyo, and a few days later, the ashes were handed over to the priest of the Renkōji Temple of Nichiren Buddhism in Tokyo. Ever since they (ashes) are still supposed to be there.
Cause of death - Not confirmed (According to multiple sources- Plane crashed in Taipei, Taiwan)
On 16 January 1941, Bose escaped from his Elgin Road House (Calcutta) for Germany via Afghanistan and the Soviet Union, along with his cousin Sishir Kumar Bose. He wore a long overcoat and broad pyjamas (just like a 'Pathan') to avoid being recognised. The car he used for his escape was a German-made Wanderer W24 Sedan car (Reg. No. BLA 7169), which is now on display at his Elgin Road House, Kolkata.
To confirm the existence of Emilie Schenkl (wife of Netaji), Sarat Chandra Bose (Netaji's elder brother), wrote a letter to Emilie, in her reply to Sarat Chandra Bose, Emilie wrote a letter dated 26 July 1948.
Date of Death - 18 August 1948 (As per Japanese News Agency)